Warta Kebijakan Iptek dan Manajemen Litbang
EKSTERNALITAS (SPILLOVER EFFECT) DARI INOVASI SUPPLY CHAIN OLEH PERUSAHAAN MULTINASIONAL: KAJIAN PROYEK PRIMA DI INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN KAKAO DI SULAWESI
Pusat Penelitian Perkembangan Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi - LIPI
Spillover effects from the presence of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) are still giving optimism in many developing countries for building their local industry. Theoretically, the more innovative foreign companies in some certain industries, the more positive impacts that will be received by the local actors in those industries. Using case of supply chain innovation program in Cocoa Processing industry of Sulawesi, this paper aims to investigate how is the externality exist in horizontal and vertical sector if a multinational company called Effem Inc. issues PRIMA (Pest Reduction Integrated Management) project for improving its supplier management. Through descriptive analysis, this paper finds that PRIMA has gave positive externality in those sectors. In horizontal sector, the externality is occurred by the presence of the free riders phenomenon and the influence for the horizontal industry to make the same project. On the other hand, the externality also comes to pass in the vertical sectors because the suppliers (farmer) can get, free bio controls trials and free plant renewing program from PRIMA. However, the externality occurred in the two sectors is still weak since the limited of some production resources possessed by local actors. Based on it, some strategies are proposed for enhancing the positive externality even though the PRIMAproject has been ended.