Warta Kebijakan Iptek dan Manajemen Litbang
ANALISIS KEBUTUHAN MASYARAKAT TERHADAP PENGEMBANGAN TEKNOLOGI PANGAN, ENERGI DAN KESEHATAN DI INDONESIA
Pusat Penelitian Perkembangan Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi (PAPPIPTEK) - Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)
Science and technology (S&T) are considered to be an important thing for country’s economic development. At present, Indonesia’s R&D activities are based on National Research Agenda in six prioritized fields. From those fields, three which urgently needed to be developed are food, energy, health and medicine. R&D activities for the three fields have been conducted by some related governmental research institutions. Nevertheless, the activities had unsatisfactorily result. This is because they are not alligned with the needs from the society. This paper attempts to analyze the needs through socio-economic needs analysis approach. The analysis was conducted through survey to the society, business actor, government, practitionaires, and experts on technological development, particularly in the field of food, energy, and health. The results show that the needs for development in the area of food should be pointed on the increase of rice and its second crop productivity, fish and cattle plantation, and food independence. For energy, there are availability and sufficiency of oil fuel for daily life, and in area of health, there are improvement of society’s nutrition and clean water availability. Therefore, R&D activities related with those fields should be directed allign with society’s needs. Beside that, policies for focusing R&D to solve citizen problem are also needed.